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Flea control and treating the home

Flea shampoos contain insecticides that vary in their effectiveness. The goal is to get to know how to get rid of fleas that are present on the animal at the time of shampooing. To be effective, the shampoo must stay on the animal for at least 10 minutes before rinsing. Only use a product on an animal for which it is labeled. A natural insecticide that is fairly effective D-limonene, a volatile oil from citrus fruits. These safe shampoos are good on kittens and puppies and for homes with infants.

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Fleas Morphology

Recent (after Snograss, 1946) studies of flea morphology were devoted to the anatomy and sensory organs of different imago segments. The head anatomy were studied in a number of species of fleas (Wenk, 1953; Amrine and Lewis, 1978; Wachmann, 1972).

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The Life Cycle of the Flea

During each of the four stages of the flea life cycle, fleas are resistant to different chemicals. For best results at killing fleas in all stages, use products that contain an insecticide as well as an insect growth regulator, such as the Knockout or Siphotrol sprays available from Entirely Pets.

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The Infraorders of Siphonaptera

1. Infraorder PULICOMORPHA S.G. Medvedev, 1998 This infraorder includes 5 superfamilies: Pulicoidea Billberg, 1820 (Pulicidae and Tungidae Taschenberg, 1880), Malacopsylloidea Baker, 1905 (Malacopsyllidae and Rhopalopsyllidae Oudemans, 1909), Vermipsylloidea Wagner, 1889 (Vermipsyllidae), Coptopsylloidea Wagner, 1928 (Coptopsyllidae), and Ancistropsylloidea Toumanoff et Fuller, 1947 (Ancistropsyllidae).

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Fleas Taxonomy & Phylogeny

The Siphonaptera, or fleas, are one of the major groups of blood-sucking insects. They belong to holometabolic insects, as like as Diptera, Lepidoptera, etc. Fleas form a separate well-differentiated order, although phylogenetically they are regarded to be closer to Diptera and Mecoptera. At present approximately 2000 species and subspecies of fleas are known. Adult fleas […]

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Treat the Animal

Lufenuron/Program® (Novartis Animal Health).  Complete flea prevention for the entire season is now possible by treating your dog or cat monthly with Program® beginning in early spring, before the flea season starts.  For animals that live in kennels or warm climates, year-round treatment may be needed. Program® is formulated as a pill for dogs or […]

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Treat the Outdoor Environment

Treat dog houses, kennels by cleaning them out thoroughly and/or washing bedding material. Treat dog house, kennels and yard areas with an insecticide containing an insect growth regulator, such as pyriproxyfen.  This growth regulator is more photostable than methoprene (Precor) and lasts longer in outdoor environments. Pyriproxyfen is sold under the trade name Archer or […]

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Heuristic Inquiries in the PARHOST1

The PARHOST1 system permits analysing large amounts of data, in particular distribution patterns of the world’s flea fauna represented by 2000 species. The PARHOST1 system permits analysing distribution patterns and parasite-host relations of separate flea taxa and their interaction in various aspects.

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